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Philodendron Micans is one of those plants you’ve probably seen popping up on your Instagram feed more and more each day, and for good reason! In this post, I’ll review Philodendron Micans care and propagation, and by the end, you’ll know exactly why this plant should be next on your list!
Also known as the Velvet Leaf Philodendron, the Micans is very similar to the classic beauty that is Heartleaf Philodendron.
Foliage and Growth
The Micans is known for its “velvet” leaves that almost appear to be iridescent, ranging from shimmery shades of emerald green to turquoise to bronze in the right light.
Similar to the Heartleaf Philodendron and other climbing plants, the Philodendron Micans is a fast grower and in optimal conditions can grow several feet in a year.
Where Can I Buy a Philodendron Micans?
You can easily find Philodendron Micans cuttings and plants on Etsy. Check out this stunning Micans (available in a pot or hanging basket) from one of my favorite Etsy shops!
How Do You Care for a Philodendron Micans?
Bright, indirect light is best. Don’t place it in direct light—too much can burn the leaves.
While it can survive in low light it won’t grow as full or nearly as fast.
If you don’t have much natural light in your home, guess what—you can still grow a beautiful Philodendron Micans! Grow lights are a lifesaver for low-light homes. Check out my guide to grow lights for indoor plants for help!
(By the way, these are the two I’m loving right now.)
And, my easy guide to natural light for indoor plants will help you find just the right natural light for your plant.
How Often Do You Water a Philodendron Micans?
Water your plant when the top inch or two of the potting mix is dry. How often that is depends on factors that help dry out the potting mix, like light level. However, every week to 10 days is a good rule of thumb.
Try not to overwater your plant. Doing this consistently could put it at risk of root rot. To help avoid this, get into the habit of sticking your finger down into the potting mix to feel for moisture before watering your plant.
Does Philodendron Micans like Humidity?
Philodendron Micans is native to tropical regions—Dominica and Tobago—so yes, they do like humidity! There are a few ways you can provide your plant with humidity, but my favorite (and the easiest, in my opinion) is by using a humidifier. Check out one of my favorite humidifiers below!
For step-by-step guides and more easy methods, check out my post on creating humidity for houseplants.
Philodendron Micans is low maintenance when it comes to potting mix. All it needs is a well-draining indoor plant mix. If I have it on hand, I always like to add in a few handfuls of perlite for even better drainage.
As a fast grower, this plant doesn’t need fertilizer, but fertilizer will help it thrive to its full potential.
You can use a balanced indoor plant fertilizer once a month during the growing season (spring and summer) to feed this plant.
Repot your Philodendron Micans when it becomes rootbound. Depending on how fast your plant is growing this might be every year to every few years.
Signs of a rootbound plant include roots coming out of the drainage holes, stunted growth, a general sorry-looking plant, and if you remove the plant a little from the pot and see that the roots are heavily coiled around the outside of the soil.
Repot this plant in late winter or early spring in a pot the next size up from the current pot that has good drainage.
Pruning is not always required but is handy to control the size and shape of the plant. Philodendron Micans and other vining plants can get “leggy” which is when the vines become very long and stretched out with fewer leaves. Often, it’s due to the plant trying to reach out to find more light.
You can remove leggy vines and create a more bushy plant by pruning the vines to encourage new growth. When pruning, use sterilized pruning shears to cut about a 1/4 inch above a node.
In addition to correcting leggy growth, prune off any occasional yellow, dying leaves once they can be gently plucked away from the plant.
Climbing and Support
In its natural environment, Philodendron Micans climbs using aerial roots. Aerial roots also help absorb nutrients, so putting them to use will only benefit your plant.
So, although you don’t have to have your Micans climb, allowing it to climb by giving it some form of support will help your plant to grow strong and healthy.
Here is a stackable moss pole I recently purchased for another climbing plant.
As part of your watering routine, mist your moss pole so your Philodendron Micans’ aerial roots can get a nice drink, too.
Pests and Other Problems
A few common houseplant problems, which Philodendron Micans is no exception to, include:
- Legginess – Legginess tends to happen with vining plants. It’s not something big worry about, but it can be visually unpleasing.
- Often it is due to a plant trying to “reach out” for more light. Try increasing the light levels. Don’t place it in direct light, though.
- Pests – Some common pests include fungus gnats, mealybugs, scale, aphids, and spider mites.
- Check regularly underneath leaves and in crevices for pests. I really like this insecticidal soap for help with pest control, which works on a range of pests. Always read the instructions on the label first and use caution if you have pets.
- Yellow Leaves – Can be caused by too little light or too much light, too much or too little water, or a nutrient deficiency.
- Start by evaluating your plant’s light situation. Then, stick your finger in the potting mix to determine moisture level and evaluate your watering routine. Last, evaluate your fertilizer regimen.
- Brown/Crispy Leaves – Can be caused by too much direct light, too much or too little water, too little humidity, or too much fertilizer.
- Start by evaluating your plant’s light situation—move it out of direct light if needed. Then, stick your finger in the potting mix to determine moisture level and evaluate your watering routine. Next, provide your Philodendron Micans with some humidity if you are not already doing so. Last, evaluate your fertilizer regimen.
How Do You Propagate a Philodendron Micans?
How to Propagate Philodendron Micans in Water
Just like other vining plants, Micans can be propagated easily in water. Use a clean pair of clean scissors to cut about a 1/4 inch below a node on a piece of vine that has a few leaves. You need to include the node on the cutting because that’s where new roots will sprout from.
Place the cutting in a jar of room-temperature water, making sure at least one node is under the surface. If any leaves are sitting under the water’s surface, gently remove them from the stem.
Place the cutting in a location with bright, indirect light. Top off the water when it gets lower and change the water when it gets murky or slimy, about every few days to a week.
Roots will start to sprout from the nodes within a few days, but it will be a few weeks before you can transfer your cutting into potting mix.
Wait until the roots are about three-or-so inches long. Then, transfer the cutting to its permanent pot, give it a good watering, and care for it like you normally would with this plant.
They can also be left in water permanently, but they won’t grow as large or as fast.
How to Propagate Philodendron Micans in Potting Mix
Propagating Philodendron Micans in potting mix follows the same general method.
Use a clean pair of scissors to cut about a 1/4 inch below a node on a piece of vine that has a few leaves. You need to include the node on the cutting because that’s where new roots will sprout from.
Instead of putting the cutting in a jar of water, plant it directly into an appropriately sized pot with moistened potting mix. Make sure at least one node is underneath the potting mix because that’s where the roots will sprout from, and don’t bury any of the leaves.
Place the cutting in a location with bright, indirect light and keep the potting mix moist but not wet. You can also place a clear plastic bag over the top to help lock in humidity, but open it every few days to let in fresh air.
It will be a few weeks before a new root system is established and before you’ll notice significant new growth on the cutting.
After a few weeks, you can also test your plant by giving it a very gentle tug. If there is resistance, a root system has developed and you can treat it like a normal plant.
Another method that is easy to do with vining plants like Philodendron Micans is to place the entire cutting down so it’s all laying on top of the surface of the potting mix, with all the nodes on the vine facing down into the mix.
If needed, temporarily “fasten” the vine to the mix using bobby pins or paper clips. Keep the mix moist but not wet and place it in bright, indirect light.
You can also place a clear plastic bag over the top to help lock in humidity, but open it every few days to let in fresh air.
The nodes will eventually take root this way, too!
Is Philodendron Micans Toxic to Animals?
Yes, Philodendron Micans is toxic to cats and dogs, so be sure to keep this plant out of your furry friends’ reach!
Is Philodendron Micans Rare?
Within the past year or so, Philodendron Micans has become easier to get your hands on. Before that, you may have only gotten one by having a friend that could give you a cutting! Still, I have never seen these being sold in garden centers or greenhouses, but it may be different depending on where you live.